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Posted on: February 4, 2020

Department of Public Health Coronavirus health advisory

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The Georgia Department of Public Health issued a health advisory regarding 2019 Novel Coronavirus recently.

Prevention

There is currently no vaccine to prevent 2019-nCoV infection. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus. However, as a reminder, CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, including:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

These are everyday habits that can help prevent the spread of several viruses. CDC does have specific guidance for travelers.

Treatment

There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for 2019-nCoV infection. People infected with 2019-nCoV should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.

People who think they may have been exposed to 2019-nCoV should contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Source of information: Center for Disease Control and Prevention - https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html

Coronavirus Update:


SITUATION REPORT:


U.S. Persons Under Investigation (PUI): 165

• 5 Positive (CA, AZ, WA, IL)

• 68 Negative

• 92 Pending


Estimated International Cases and Deaths (Source): 6,000+ cases and 132 deaths (For reference 8,098 people were infected in the SARS outbreak in 2003).

Countries Impacted (Source): 19


Summary of National Response: CDC activated ICS on January 7, 2020 in response to an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus ("2019-nCoV) first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province China. This is an expanding event. Case counts and fatalities continue to increase internationally and imported cases of 2019-nCoV have been detected though person-to-person transmission in the U.S. has not been documented. The CDC is issuing guidance and education for specific populations (see below), is staffing screening stations in U.S. airports to identify new cases, and is testing suspect cases using a rapid DNA-based test. The CDC is working to make test kits available to local and state public health laboratories to increase surge capacity.


Summary of GNR Response: Epi and EP continue to participate in national, statewide, and local calls. Epi has shared the most current health alerts and guidance with healthcare partners. Local epidemiology will be supporting the efforts of the GA DPH Acute Disease Epidemiology Section (ADES) in investigating suspect cases of 2019-nCoV that are being reported through 1-866-PUB-HLTH.


GUIDANCE FOR HEALTHCARE


• Immediately report all suspect cases to 1-866-PUB-HLTH.

• Clinical Criteria: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/clinical-criteria.html

• Interim Infection Control Guidance:

o CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/infection-control.html

o WHO: https://www.who.int/publications-detail/infection-prevention-and-control-during-health-care-when-novel-coronavirus-(ncov)-infection-is-suspected-20200125

• Specimen Collection: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/lab/guidelines-clinical-specimens.html

• At-Home or Residential Care Infection Control Guidance (: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/guidance-home-care.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fguidance-home-care.html

• How To Self-Isolate: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/guidance-prevent-spread.html


GUIDANCE FOR PUBLIC AND TRAVELERS:


• CDC Travel Advisory: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/warning/novel-coronavirus-china

o Warning Level 3: AVOID Non-Essential Travel (Highest Alert Level)

• Prevention Education

o https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html

o https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/downloads/2019-ncov-factsheet.pdf


GUIDANCE FOR EMS/TRANSPORT:


• Under development. See Interim Infection Control Guidance Above.



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